nolongerinbetween

mind.ful

Posted on: September 15, 2017

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Inteligenta nu e niciodata o achizitie finala. Nu e un certificat, o diploma, un titlu academic, acordat pe viata si de care nu poti fi deposedat. Nu e o destinatie ultima in care te poti instala ireversibil. E mai degraba un drum in care iti poti aseza cautarile. O directie. Un vector. E ca un varf de munte pe care poti sa-l cuceresti dar nu poti sa-ti instalezi cortul. E ca un animal salbatic pe care-l poti domestici dar care nu te va pastra in sa daca inlocuiesti vigilenta constanta cu prezumtia gaunoasa. E ca o virtute divina de care te poti molipsi frecventand panteonul bibliotecilor dar care nu ramane cu tine din pura inertie. Inteligenta e o virtute capricioasa a mintii, un taram a carei reduta trebuie sa o cuceresti de fiecare data. O tara in care locuiesti fara drept de rezidenta permanenta. Ritos spus, suntem mai degraba prosti decat inteligenti. Prostia nu este (ca sa parafrazez un geniu prost – Sartre) Celalalt. In lupta cu prostia proprie castigi doar batalii. Razboiul nu-l castigi niciodata.  Suntem mai degraba pe langa drum, decat pe drum. De cele mai multe ori ratacim. Uneori recuperabili, in directia drumului, alteori dezastruos, in inversul lui. A fi inteligent se reduce, in ultima instanta, la o chestiune de orientare. Geografie. Sa stii unde este Nordul astutiei si sa te indrepti spre el. Inteligenta nu e ireversibila. Poti cadea din har. Poti sa-ti pierzi mantuirea. De la Cadere incoace, paradoxul face ca putem fi prosti si destepti in acelasi timp. Inteligenta si prostia, gratia si damnarea sunt stari simultane, nu succesive. In fiecare moment al vietii voi fi inteligent in chestiunea p, q, r si prost in chestiunea x, y, z. Evident, in chestiunea de fata, sunt inteligent. Sunt absolut sigur.

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“ – Numai idiotii n-au nici o indoala.

– Sunteti sigur?

– Absolut sigur! “

(Georges Courteline)

 

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N.B. Deconstructia inteligentei o putem face de unii singuri, prin pura introspectie, descoperind cu stupoare ca suntem mai putin inteligenti decat indeobste ne credem, ceea ce necesita onestitate si, paradoxal, inteligenta sau cu ajutorul unor inaintasi mai inteligenti si mai resourceful decat noi in psihologie cognitiva, neurostiinte, stiinte cognitive etc. Daniel Kahneman cu al sau op “Thinking, Fast and Slow” ar fi referinta clasica. #biases #fallacies #cognitive heuristics #mental shortcuts etc In ce ma priveste am inceput cu o clona minora dar eficienta totusi in demistificarea autosuficientei mele (Ewa Drozda Senkowska“Capcanele raţionamentului : Cum ne înşelăm convinşi că avem dreptate”). Alte carti care s-au mai strans pe la mine prin biblioteca despre sau in marginea chestiunii, carti destepte despre cat sunt eu de prost, see below:

 

51GU9UXlbAL._SX323_BO1,204,203,200_  51C-9Gb7lTL._SX323_BO1,204,203,200_  11213439  51oXKWrcYYL  24040556  97814447948782 29099766    2470091 51Us1U3g2sL._SX321_BO1,204,203,200_ capcanele-rationamentului-cum-ne-inselam-convinsi-ca-avem-dreptate  res_92adeba96efa8380c5a70847cd875908_450x450_9gv5  de-ce-gresim_1_fullsize  triumful-prostiei-mic-tratat-despre-prostia-inteligentei-belinda-cannone_4042_2_1326721145   28929062._SY475_ res_84387a0a411027d95f8e0fc6b0158294_450x450_sha2j 978-973-50-5149-5 9781585582808 41185cXEejL._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_ page_1 112731._SY475_51Qp1elDB-L._SX326_BO1,204,203,200_  51cZn4WhKdL._SX342_BO1,204,203,200_  7811050._SY475_  51XremFF+BL._SY445_QL70_  111916578441CrwcJnPlL  14355445  51AQW2Nt1BL._SX330_BO1,204,203,200_  41kx64HJ8-L._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_ 9780520246263 9781786494580 1051446 kidding-ourselves

 

“Dar şi un om deştept e capabil de mult cretinism. Şi eu am fost în nenumărate rânduri, cretin. Inteligenţa e recurentă, numai prostia e continuă.” (Alexandru Paleologu – “Breviar”)

“Contrariul prostiei, constat cu mirare, nu e inteligenta (ci bunul simt). Altfel cum ar fi posibil sa vedem, in atatea cazuri, o inteligenta nu rareori exceptionala, oferind cele mai crase probe de prostie, ca suficienta, infatuarea, vanitatea, snobismul, egocentrismul, ambitiile marunte sau, din contra, excesive, incapatanarea (care duce la inconsecvente deseori flagrante), intoleranta si multe altele ce viciaza atat intelegerea si cunoasterea cat si comportarea. In fapt, inteligenta nu e nici constanta, nici omnivalenta; ea functioneaza recurent, cu o frecventa variabila, in raport cu care recunoastem cuiva calitatea de om inteligent; dar are pauze, uneori deconcertante, cand nu de-a dreptul penibile. Afara de aceasta, inteligentele sunt heterogene si uneori incapabile sa se recunoasca mutual; cei mai inteligenti oameni sunt de o completa opacitate in alte domenii decat cele in care exceleaza.” (Alexandru Paleologu –  “Bunul-simt ca paradox”)

„Am ales să vorbesc despre prostie şi ar fi o pură prostie din partea mea să vreau să lămuresc un asemenea subiect. Vă spun de la început că nu o să vorbesc despre prostie ca un deştept, respectiv ca unul care se simte în afara sferei conceptului despre care vorbeşte. Mi-am adus aminte de o vorbă a lui Alexandru Paleologu care spunea că oamenii inteligenţi ating cote de prostie pe măsura inteligenţei lor. Şi vorbesc despre prostie ca o condiţie obişnuită a umanităţii. Toţi suntem proşti din când în când: spunem prostii, facem prostii, ne purtăm prosteşte… votăm prosteşte”. (Andrei Plesu)

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“The misconception: you are a being of logic and reason.

The truth: you are a being capable of logic and reason who falls short of that ideal in predictable ways. “

(David McRaney – “You can beat your brain”)

“You assume you are intelligent, capable, rational, and full of the same glorious reason that invented calculus and ginger snaps. You were born with a chip on your shoulder, and you’ve grown into a sort of undeserved confidence over the years. It’s a human foible that comes in many flavors. The truth is that your brain lies to you. Inside your skull is a vast and far-reaching personal conspiracy to keep you from uncovering the facts about who you actually are, how capable you tend to be, and how confident you deserve to feel. The truth is that the human brain generates a mind that is deeply flawed. There are some things you just aren’t very good at and never will be. Evidence of your dumbness is everywhere.  You greatly underestimate how easily and how often you delude yourself, and how your perception can be dramatically altered from within. You do not passively receive reality. You actively participate in the creation of your personal universe. “(David McRaney – “You can beat your brain”)

“You think you know how the world works, but you really don’t. You move through life forming opinions and cobbling together a story about who you are and why you did the things you did. The truth is, there is a growing body of work coming out of psychology and cognitive science that says you have no clue why you act the way you do, choose the things you choose, or think the thoughts you think. Instead, you create narratives, little stories to explain away your thinking, your decisions, your behaviour. You have a deep desire to be right all of the time and a deeper desire to see yourself in a positive light both morally and behaviorally. You can stretch your mind pretty far to achieve these goals. The maintenance of a positive self-image seems to be so important to the human mind you have evolved mental mechanisms designed to make you feel awesome about yourself. Cognitive biases lead to poor choices, bad judgments, and wacky insights that are often totally incorrect. For example, you tend to look for information that confirms your beliefs and ignore information that challenges them. This is called confirmation bias. The contents of your bookshelf and the bookmarks in your Web browser are a direct result of it. With each new subject in these pages you will start to see yourself in a new way. You will soon realize you are not so smart, and thanks to a plethora of cognitive biases, faulty heuristics, and common fallacies of thought, you are probably deluding yourself minute by minute just to cope with reality.” (David McRaney – “You are not so smart”)

“You see, being smart is a much more complicated and misunderstood state than you believe. Most of the time, you are terrible at making sense of things. If it were your job, you would long since have been fired. You think you are a rational agent, slowly contemplating your life before making decisions and choices, and though you may sometimes falter, for the most part you keep it together, but that’s not the case at all.  You are always under the influence of irrational reasoning. You persist in a state of deluded deliberation. You are terrible at explaining yourself to yourself, and you are unaware of the depth and breadth of your faults in this regard. You feel quite the opposite, actually. You maintain an unrealistic confidence in your own perceptions even after your limitations are revealed. It is at this intersection of presumption and weakness, the beautiful combination of assurance and imperfection, where we will be spending most of our time together. This is an exploration of some of the most compelling self-deceptions that have been identified and quantified by science.  This is the stuff that should be in the instruction manual for operating human body – just like the entries science recently added about trans fats and glutens. Herein lies a catalogue of some of the things science has learned about the flaws of the human mind and how your brain lies to you, how it cheats and edits and alters reality, and how you fall for it over and over again.

Well, when it comes to your mind, you are often unaware of the source of your own feelings and thoughts, your own behaviors and memories, but instead of bumbling about confused and frightened, you possess a giant toolkit of tricks and techniques by which you invent scenarios that make life easier to comprehend, and then you believe in those scenarios. Over years and years, that jumble becomes the story of your life. “(David McRaney – “You can beat your brain”)

“Heuristics allow you to think and act faster, and biases influence you to behave in ways that typically keep primates alive and active. In modern life, though, your heuristics and biases get challenged all the time, and that’s when you pull out logical fallacies. Logical fallacies appear during arguments with yourself and others. You often begin with a conclusion already in mind and then work toward proving that you were not stupid to have drawn that conclusion in the first place. This sort of motivated reasoning often depends on warping logic to make things work out in your head.  You get confused in your own logic all the time and end up twisting language to make the world line up with your preconceived notions.” (David McRaney – “You can beat your brain”)

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“We can be blind to the obvious, and we are also blind to our blindness. We have very little idea of how little we know. We’re not designed to know how little we know. Our comforting conviction that the world makes sense rests on a secure foundation: our almost unlimited ability to ignore our ignorance.” (Daniel Kahneman – “Thinking, Fast and Slow”)

“Suppose you like someone very much. Then, by a familiar halo effect, you will also be prone to believe many good things about that person – you will be biased in their favor. Most of us like ourselves very much, and that suffices to explain self-assessments that are biased in a particular direction.” Daniel Kahneman

“You like or dislike people long before you know much about them; you trust or distrust strangers without knowing why; you feel that an enterprise is bound to succeed without analyzing it. Whether you state them or not, you often have answers to questions that you do not completely understand, relying on evidence that you can neither explain nor defend.”  (Daniel Kahneman – “Thinking, Fast and Slow”)

 “Doubting what you see is a very odd experience. And doubting what you remember is a little less odd than doubting what you see. But it’s also a pretty odd experience, because some memories come with a very compelling sense of truth about them, and that happens to be the case even for memories that are not true.”  Daniel Kahneman

“We think, each of us, that we’re much more rational than we are. And we think that we make our decisions because we have good reasons to make them. Even when it’s the other way around. We believe in the reasons, because we’ve already made the decision.” Daniel Kahneman

“I call it theory-induced blindness: once you have accepted a theory and used it as a tool in your thinking, it is extraordinarily difficult to notice its flaws. If you come upon an observation that does not seem to fit the model, you assume that there must be a perfectly good explanation that you are somehow missing.”  (Daniel Kahneman – “Thinking, Fast and Slow”)

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2 Responses to "mind.ful"

[…] pe loc versus ratacirea ca distantare fata de drumul catre adevar.  “De cele mai multe ori ratacim. Uneori recuperabili, in directia drumului, alteori dezastruos, in inversul lui. A fi inteligent se […]

[…] Cuvintele imbecil si cretin folosite ca injurii trimit la ceata vanitoasa care persista in mintea celor care, neputandu-si detecta si evalua capitalul lor de prostie, se ignora ca prosti, neintelegand ca toti suntem prosti.“ […]

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literatura e efortul inepuizabil de a transforma viaţa în ceva real

The priest: Aren't you afraid of hell? J. Kerouac: No, no. I'm more concerned with heaven.

literatura e efortul inepuizabil de a transforma viaţa în ceva real

The priest: Aren't you afraid of hell? J. Kerouac: No, no. I'm more concerned with heaven.

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